According to the CDCs (Center for Disease Control), almost half of the American adults suffer from gum disease. Even though it is a common dental condition, many people do not know the causes, symptoms of gum disease. One noteworthy fact to note about gum disease is that there are two types—gingivitis and periodontitis.
Both gingivitis and periodontitis are both types of periodontal disease. But, they are different in how they develop and the symptoms.
What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a reversible gingivae infection. In the initial stages, gum infection has little or no symptoms, probably why most people tend to ignore the condition. However, you may experience bleeding, swollen, and tender gums are the first symptoms.
Poor brushing techniques and dental practices are the primary cause of gum inflammation. Other factors like tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, dry mouth, and hormonal changes can increase your risk of gum disease.
Gingivitis is treatable if caught early. However, without proper treatment, the inflammation can spread to the periodontium.
The periodontium is the soft tissues that surround and support the teeth. Once affected, these tissues can cause tooth deterioration and decay.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis causes the gums to recede and exposes the roots. As the gums pull away, they develop to gum pockets that trap bacteria. At this stage, gum disease symptoms become more pronounced. Some of the symptoms include:
Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis is irreversible. The infection at times, enters the bloodstream and causes widespread inflammation. Not only that, but severe periodontitis affects the alveolar bone and can cause jaw bone deterioration. With time the teeth get loose and require an extraction.
What Are the Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease?
Our dentist in Cupertino can recommend medication to stop the spread of the bacteria and ease the inflammation. Other treatments that may be used to gingivitis include:
For advanced periodontitis, you may require surgical procedures such as:
How to Prevent Gum Disease?
Gum disease is common, but it is preventable. Here are a few tips to note:
Visit Cupertino Family Dentist if you notice any abnormal gum bleeding, gum tenderness, or swelling.